November 21, 2017

How to run application before CodeceptJS tests.

In my last post I was writing about testing TodoMVC application with CodeceptJS. For sake of simplicity I’ve used online version of TodoMVC vanillajs example and I’ve been running my tests right on the project website. It might’ve been good enough for course of the tutorial but it’s not very real-world use case—you don’t want to mess around with the production environment from your tests. Instead of that it’d be good to automatically run the application just before running test suite and then shut it down when testing is done.


Checkout sample repository here


Codecept provides bootstrap and teardown hooks executed respectively before and after all tests. Those are perfect for use case like this one.

In Bootstrap hook I’ll use node’s child_process.exec method to run application. After it I have to block tests execution until app is ready to receive requests and send some response.

Then in Teardown part I’ll kill application with usage of ps-tree package. I can’t use native nodes child_process.kill because it would kill only child process itself. However child_process.exec doesn’t spawn application as tests process child—it spawns shell inside which command is executed. So application is actually a child of a child of codeceptjs process. What is interesting here is that application itself can spawn multiple next processes and those also needs to be killed.

In order to keep track of http server process and to keep bootstrap/teardown hooks code cleaner I’m gonna create AppManager class which I’d like to use like this:

// Initialize with some config:
appManager = new AppManager({
  host: '', 
  port: 3000,

// To start application:

// And to shut-down application

Let’s start by creating support directory where I’d put AppManager.js, bootstrap.js and teardown.js files:

$ mkdir support
# And create empty file there
$ touch support/appManager.js support/bootstrap.js support/teardown.js

Now it’s time for AppManager class, start with constructor:

// support/appManager.js

const defaultConfig = {
  host: 'localhost',
  port: 3000,
  appCommand: 'yarn app'

// How long to wait for app to start.
const APP_TIMEOUT = 4000;

class AppManager {
  constructor(config) {
    // Used to keep reference to app process
    this._app = null;

    // Merge config with defaultConfig
    this.config = Object.assign(defaultConfig, config);

const appManager = new AppManager({});

module.exports = appManager;

I’m exporting instance of AppManager not class, to easily require it in multiple places and still get the same object. If I created new instance in different modules I’d lost track of app property and won’t be able to close it during teardown.

Next thing is to create start method. To wait until app is ready I’m using tcp-port-used package, so start by adding it:

$ yarn add tcp-port-used

And finally implement the start method:

// support/appManager.js
const cp = require('child_process');
const tcpPortUsed = require('tcp-port-used');

class AppManager {
  // ...

  start(callback) {
    console.log(`Starting app at: ${}:${this.config.port}`);

    // Spawn shell and execute appCommand = cp.exec(this.config.appCommand);

    // Block execution of tests till app is upp

  _waitForApp(callback) {
    // third argument to waitUntilUsedOnHost is interval
    // how often it should check if app is already started.
      .waitUntilUsedOnHost(this.config.port,, 500, APP_TIMEOUT)
      .then(() => {
        console.log(`Application started, running tests.`);

And bootstrap.js file:

// bootstrap.js
const appManager = require('./appManager.js');

module.exports = function(done) {

By exporting function with done attribute from bootstrap file we tell Codecept that it should wait with proceeding further until done callback is called. So I’m passing it to start method where it’s executed after application is up.

Finally add locations of bootstrap and teardown files in codecept.json file and update Nightmare URL to match local application:

// codecept.json
// ...
  "Nightmare": {
    "url": "http://localhost:8080/"
// ...
"bootstrap": "./support/bootstrap.js",
"teardown": "./support/teardown.js",
"mocha": {},

Super, let’s run our tests and see what happens:

$ yarn run test

It looks OK, application is started as expected and first test waits for it. After last scenario it freezes forever because we didn’t kill it and Codecept still thinks there’s something going on.

Clean up on teardown

Start with adding ps-tree dependency:

$ yarn add ps-tree

Now comes the close method of AppManager class:

// support/appManager.js
const psTree = require('ps-tree');

class AppManager {
  // ...
  close() {
    psTree(, (err, children) => {
      const pids = => p.PID);

      cp.spawn('kill', ['-9'].concat(pids));

Yeah, that’s all! psTree gets app process pid, then it passes array of children processes as second callback parameter. By killing all of them I’m sure there won’t be any orphaned process left running in the background.

I’m using kill -9 here because I don’t need to worry about gracefully shutting down application. However in real-world use case it may be a good idea to consider using SIGTERM to handle shutting down.

Last thing is to call our close from teardown hook:

// support/teardown.js
const appManager = require('./appManager.js');

module.exports = function() {

Possible improvements

Basically that’s it. For complete production usage you’d probably want to pass host and port to application when starting it, I’d also think about keeping config in separate module and then using codecept’s dynamic config file to also get necessary details from it.

For CI integration it may be useful to pass some data as environment variables, this could be easily done when creating AppManager instance, for example:

const config = {
  host: process.env.APP_HOST,
  port: process.env.APP_PORT,
  appPath: '../some/path/to/app/dir',
  appCommand: 'run my app'

const appManager = new AppManager(config);

Too see working example you can checkout code here.

Thanks for reading!

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